Archive for November 3rd, 2018

November 3, 2018

The Orangerie museum, Paris!

And continue in our beautiful city of Paris, France. Autumn is in the air, cold temps are back and in some areas even snow. We had beautiful weather in my Morbihan with a bit more cloudy in Paris.

Let me tell you about a special spot. Well not to have fainted memory but I believe was here only once. Even thus worked very near and walk to it every day even at lunch by the Jardin des Tuileries wonderful museums. I like to tell you a bit on the history of this wonderful institution,that is the National Museum of the Orangery.

The National Museum of Orangery (Musée National de l’Orangerie) is a museum of impressionistic and Impressionists paintings located in the Tuileries Garden, at the western end of the terrace of the water’s edge, Place de la Concorde. The museum is located in front of the Seine, in the old Orangerie of the Palais des Tuileries. This site is served by the Concorde metro station.

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In addition to the famous cycle of Nymphéas, eight great paintings by Claude Monet that cover the walls of two large oval halls, the museum presents works by Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley, Claude Monet, Paul Cézanne, Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, Amedeo Modigliani, Le Douanier Rousseau, André Derain, Chaïm Soutine, Marie Laurencin, Maurice Utrillo, Paul Gauguin and Kees van Dongen.

A bit of history I like, this time; let you wandered through the museum for the exhibitions permanent and temporary. My stumping ground worked not far and used to walk even at lunch time in and around it for peeks.

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On the terrace of the Tuileries, at the location of the Orangerie, was in the 17C the restaurant Renard, named after a former valet of the House of Commander Jacques de Souvré who has set up a chalet where there are small discreet rooms adorned with tapestries and of paintings where the nobility of this time loves to meet.

Built in 1852, to house the orange trees of the Tuileries garden during the winter. They have been sheltered in the lower gallery of the Palais du Louvre in this season. Conceived as a greenhouse, its southern façade, overlooking the river, is enclosed in glass in order to receive sunlight, while the north façade is covered, to protect the orange trees from the northern winds. The exterior decor of the two doors, located in the east and west respectively of the building, consists of two columns surmounted by a triangular pediment appearing in the Horns of abundances, pants and corn recalling the original destination of the place. It was in this orangery that, in 1865, the Imperial Prince for the sculptor Carpeux set up his workshop to carry out the portrait of the young son of Napoleon III, accompanied by his dog Nero.

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In 1921, the Orangerie was assigned to the Under-Secretary of State for fine Arts. It has the vocation to expose living artists. But the Orangerie is chosen by Claude Monet to host the cycle of Nymphéas that the painter has just given to the State. Until 1927, the date of its inauguration, which took place only six months after the death of Claude Monet, and in the presence of Georges Clemenceau. The orange trees are removed; a staircase and a floor are built to access the exhibition halls. Eight panels of two meters high and a total length of 91 meters are thus exposed in two oval rooms, forming the sign of Infinity, and oriented east-west, thus registering in the historical axis of Paris as well as in the direction of the stroke of the sun. The lighting of these rooms is made by canopies, according to the will of the painter who wanted to plunge the visitor into a state of grace.

Until then attached to the Luxembourg Museum, the National Museum of the Orangerie is attached to that of the Louvre in 1930. From 1930 to 1933, the first exhibitions are devoted to the Impressionists. The one of 1934 relates to the painters of the reality in the 17C while that of 1936, dedicated to Rubens and his time. The painter Edgar Degas was the subject of an exhibition in 1937.

After the liberation, in 1945, the Orangerie as well as the Paume form a single entity that is attached to the department of paintings of the Louvre. In 1946, the masterpieces of the collections of French paintings seized or sold under duress to the Nazis and found in Germany by the Commission of Artistic Recovery with the help of the Monuments, Fine Arts, and American program Archives. In 1954, an exhibition was dedicated to Van Gogh and the painters of Auvers-sur-Oise, while that of 1955 was in the French paintings from David to Toulouse-Lautrec. It is the success of these temporary annual exhibitions that led to the development of the National Galleries of the Grand Palais opening in 1964.

Between 2000 and 2006, renovation work was done. They consisted in the removal of the floor which covered the Nymphéas since 1965 in order to give them their natural lighting moose wanted by Monet. To compensate for the loss of these exhibition spaces, are also created 1 000 m2 in the basement of the Tuileries terrace (for a usable total of 6 300 m2) in order to expose the Walter-Guillaume collection. There is also a temporary exhibition space, an auditorium as well as an educational room and a library. These works allow the discovery of the archaeological remains of the enclosure of the yellow ditches erected from 1566 to protect the palais des Tuileries and a part of the wall is visible inside the museum.

It is attached in May 2010 to the Musée d’Orsay within the public institution of the Musée d’Orsay and the Musée de l’Orangerie. In the summer of 2015, a café is opened in the museum.

Around the building, several sculptures are exhibited. Along the north façade that runs along the Tuileries garden, it is the Great White Commander (1986) of the sculptor Alain Kirili as well as three bronze casts of Rodin: Eve (1881 and cast in 1889), Meditation with arms (1881 and cast towards 1905) and The Shadow (1881 and cast by 1904). A fourth work by Rodin, a cast of the Kisser, takes place in front of the museum’s entrance to the west. On the other side of the museum are Henry Moore’s Reclining Nude (1951) sculptures, located at the foot of the staircase, and a cast from the Lion to the Serpent by Antoine-Louis Barye; Located on the terrace on the banks of the Seine.

Some webpages to help you plan your visit to this wonderful museum are

Official Orangery museum site

Tourist office of Paris on the Orangery museum

Boutique shopping on the Orangery Museum

The Paris Museum Pass, good for those seeking visiting several museums in Paris is a bargain.  Paris Museum Pass on the Orangery museum

There you go, a short introduction to the Musée de l’Orangerie de Paris, a wonderful time to visit and stroll on the equally wonderful Jardin des Tuileries.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

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