Archive for October 16th, 2018

October 16, 2018

A jewel of Morbihan: Hennebont!

And once again in my Morbihan cher et bien aimé , like to give you another visage or look of this wonderful town of Hennebont near me. I have written several posts on it before but not so much into history, I will remedy this now.

Hennebont of Morbihan in Brittany; only 10 km from Lorient and 45 km from Vannes, and 24 km from my town.  Hennebont is referred to as the “gateway to the Blavet” river valley because of its geographical location. To the south the river joins the ocean. Its waters at the mouth are thrown into the bay of Lorient mingling with those of the Scorff and the Atlantic. The coastline is located about 15 kms.

The name of the town is attested in the form Hanebont in 1114 , it is a Breton compound formed of the elements Hen-“old,” ancient Celtic from  Seno and bont mutated form of bridge.It was in fact at Hennebont that the first bridge was built to allow the crossing of the Blavet river  and this fact explains the development of the city. It is said Henbont in Breton. Born of the Blavet and its bridges, Hen Bont means indeed old bridge, according to the etymologists. From the time of the Iron Age, a Gaulish oppidum is installed on the site of Polvern, along the Blavet river.

History has mainly retained the siege of 1342, during the war of succession of the Duchy of Brittany which pitted the supporters of Charles of Blois and Jean de Monfort, the two contenders to the succession of Duke John III. Charles of Blois besieged the city’s ramparts. In the absence of her husband, Jean de Montfort, a prisoner of the French, Jeanne of Flanders victoriously organizes the resistance and takes refuge behind the walls of Hennebont. The stronghold, on the verge of surrender, was delivered in extrémis by the English fleet, which came to the rescue of the besieged after retraced the course of the Blavet river . During this siege, Jeanne de Flandre will gain her nickname of Jeanne La Flamme (flame)for her fearlessness in combat. During the wars of the League, in 1590, René Arradon, after welcoming the Spanish troops landed in Saint-Nazaire in from the city of Vannes, begins the siege of Hennebont with his company of  soldiers and three hundred Archers, aided by Spanish troops; Hennebont capitulates on December 22, 1590.

On 7 August 1944, a large part of the city center was destroyed by the bombardment of the Nazi troops entrenched in Lorient’s famous pocket by the  Allied troops.

Some of the nice things to see here are the Bro-Erec’h towers and the medieval enclosure (ramparts and enclosed city).The Church of Notre-Dame-de-Paradis, built in Gothic style from 1514 and finished in 1530. The Hennebont National Stud farm. The nice district of Saint-Caradec and the old town as well as the Abbey of  Notre-Dame-de-la-Joie.

Hennebont

Hennebont

Hennebont

Hennebont

Just to give you a hint to visit one of the most picturesques and historical towns of the Morbihan dept 56 of Brittany and France. I lived about 24 km or 12 miles from it!

You can browse my blog to find more on Hennebont , but for now leave you with some webpages to additionally help you plan your trip here. And remember if the woods cry out for me ok

City of Hennebont on heritage

Tourist office of the South of Brittany on Hennebont

Tourist office of Brittany on Hennebont

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

October 16, 2018

My new home of Pluvigner in the Morbihan Breton XXVIIII

And here I am on a Fall week of October at home and thinking where I am in the world map. So many places visited already 81 countries, and lived in 5, and citizen of 4, and several languages like 4 so why this small town of Pluvigner in the Morbihan breton of Brittany, France.

Pluvigner

Well it goes without saying, my best living as yet and enjoying it fully. This is history and love it, quaint streets building of historical value right in the cross roads of the Morbihan equidistance almost from good size cities like Lorient and Vannes and Pontivy; along major roads and close by TGV available train stations, local and departamental bus lines and all the amenities of a small town with all the trimmings. The city center is at 31 km from Lorient and 27 km from Vannes

So , this is Pluvigner, and what is it? Well I have written on many of its sites before, but this is about history after I am an amateur of history . I have membership in the local heritage association that tries to preserve and enhance history and architecture. Their webpage is here: Heritage association of Pluvigner

The town city hall page on history/heritage in French is here: City of Pluvigner on heritage

A bit of the very old history.

Pluvigner comes from the Breton “Ploe” (parish) and “Guigner “, a Breton Saint. The story of Pluvigner begins in the 5C with the installation at the place called “the Moustoir ” by Guigner, son of an Irish king named Clyton. Saint Patrick converted him to Christianity despite the opposition of his parents. Hunted by his father, he left for the Armoric where King Audren offered him a place to establish his hermitage. On the death of his father, King of Ireland, he went to his native country. Guigner, still known as Prince Fingar, had his head cut off in the year 455 by a man named Hengist, King of the Angles.

Pluvigner is a primitive parish which included Pluvigner and its truce Bieuzy-Lanvaux, the territories of Landaul and Landévant, as well as part of the territory of Camors (the southern third). The parish of Pluvigner is attested in 1259 in the form “Ple Guinner ” and in 1325, 1337 in the form “Pleu-Vingner “. A community of the Sisters of Wisdom settled in the city center on January 27, 1774, following an epidemic.

Pluvigner belongs first to the jurisdiction of the barony of Lanvaux until 1238, then is awarded to the Cistercian abbey of Lanvaux and finally to the Collegiate Church of St. Michael. Pluvigner was erected in a town in 1790. The following appellations are found: Pleuvigner (1427), Pluvigné (1448), Plevigner ( 1464, 1477, 1481), Ploevignier (1536).

In the 5C, lived Saint Guigner, son of one of the many kings of the Hibernie. Converted by Saint Patrick, he came to settle, with several compatriots, in the Armoric (name given to this area by the other side of Brittany or British). Back in his homeland, he renounced the throne left vacant by his father, and went into the insular Cornouaille, to work on the conversion of the infidels; There he gathered the palm of martyrdom around the year 455. The Bretons, who came to settle here in the 6C, adopted him as patron, either in remembrance of his sojourn in the country or for another cause. If they did not bring with them, from the very beginning, relics of the Saint, they obtained it later, because in the 18C one still possessed two femurs and two arms of the Holy man.

When the districts were abolished in 1800, Pluvigner passed through the arrondissement of Lorient; At the reshuffle of the cantons, in 1801, he retained its title as chief-jurisdiction and acquired Landaul and Landévant. One of the beautiful feasts of the parish is the Baniélo, where the numerous relics and banners that are preserved there are in procession. In 1887, Pluvigner was enriched with a young girls ‘ orphanage founded in Bieuzy; A Chapel was built dedicated to Notre-Dame-des-Pins (1891).

The feudal jurisdiction of Pluvigner belonged almost entirely to the barons of Lanvaux. After the confiscation of 1238, she passed to the Duke of Brittany. This one gave a part to the abbey of Lanvaux around 1250, and a larger part to the collegiate Church of St. Michael in 1383. Later, in 1563, the monks of Saint-Michel alienated their fief from Pluvigner ,and was offered to Mr. René de Malestroit, Lord of Ker and Kerambourg. The latter, soon finding his market unfavourable, sued the sellers and teased the monks of Lanvaux for their share of jurisdiction in Pluvigner. One of his successors, Andre de Robien, RMS. De Kerambourg, formally contested, from 1684, the jurisdiction of the Abbey of Lanvaux in Pluvigner, and began against the religious an unfair trial, which extended for a century, before Parliament and before the Council of the King. Mr. De Robien claimed to be the only lord of Pluvigner, and he had the audacity to remove from the parish church the arms of the King, successor of the dukes, and to substitute his own; But a ruling of the Council of State put it in order in 1731. Besides the small fief of Lanvaux-Pluvigner, the monks of the abbey still had that of Broel since 1516, and they also saw it challenged by the family of Robien.

The Church of Saint-Guigner (16C). Our Lady of Nettles, (Notre Dame des Oties) in the village, touches the parish church and communicates with her through the sacristy. It has the form of a Latin cross; The transepts are shallow and seem older than the rest of the monument. The choir is square; On each side, two arched arcades, now clogged, imply the primitive existence of two collateral. The square of the transept is separated from the nave by three arches, one large and two small, in warhead, worn on polygonal pillars. The windows are ogival, and the fire and trilobed mullions. A chapelle Notre-Dame-des-Nettles (1426 ) it is now ruins of arches left of this Church next the town’ s Church of Saint Guigner.

Pluvigner

Pluvigner

Other Chapels in the city are

The Chapelle Saint-Adrien (15C) Chapelle Notre-Dame-de-Fatima-aux-Granges (1895), Chapelle Saint-Colomban or Saint-Colombier (1453) ,Chapelle Saint-Mériadec (11C), Chapelle Saint-Guy or Guyon (circa 1600) , Chapelle Sainte-Brigitte (16-17C),Chapel of Notre-Dame-de-la-Miséricorde or Mercy (17C). Chapel of the Trinity (end of the 15C), Chapelle de Saint-Bihui (1593) The Chapel of Saint-Goal (17C),Chapel of Saint-Fiacre, in ruins in 1888, and rebuilt in the 19C. The ancient Chapel of St. Guénaël, rebuilt at the end of the 19C in an isolated place and mentioned in 1930, nearest to me.

Pluvigner

Pluvigner

Also, the Fontaine Saint-Guigner (1526). The set includes a three-basin wash house ,the Fontaine Notre-Dame-de-la-Misericorde or Mercy. And the Château de Rimaison (before 18C), rebuilt with stones from an older château (now a restaurant creperie but the chapel still intact). The Chateau of Keronic (1426). Siege of an ancient lordship called Queronic or Keronic ; Château de Kerlois (15C), located on the Sainte-Anne road and transformed in the 17C. The old castle of Tancarville (located in the former spawning of Trelecan). The lordship belonged to the family of Lanvaux. The private chapel which was enlarged in the 15C, then restored in 1640, is dedicated to Saint-Fiacre and seems dated from the 12C. You can see a 15C altarpiece; The Manoir du Guern (circa 18C), which served as a presbytery. It is made up of a large body of dwelling. There is a small oratory with an 18C wooden altar surmounted by the statues of Saint Yves and Saint Vincent Ferrier; The steles of Pluvigner and Cosquéric (Iron Age). A dozen stones have been listed on the territory of the town of Pluvigner.

Pluvigner

Pluvigner

Pluvigner

 

As you might be able to tell the town Of Pluvigner is full of historic monuments and rich architecture even if it is a small town of just over 7K folks! Enjoy as I do!

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

 

 

 

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