My Florida!

As I am on a nostalgic run, and we are still sunny and cool at 21C or about the 70F mark, in my new neck of the woods, the Morbihan Breton, let me tell you about another dear spot on Earth for me. After doing the trajects America ,Europe, and back to America, I first settled in New Jersey (see previous blog post), and then came to live in the Sunshine State of Florida.

It was a spade of luck that searching for an University to go to, saw one of my liking and trade in Daytona Beach, Florida and went there for 4 years Bachelor of Sciences degree.  This was ERAU or Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, simply the best in its field. Liking it so much or rather liking Daytona Beach so much, once back in NJ could not remain there so decided to moved back to DB to live to the surprise of my parents. The independant boy was a determine young men and the beaches and bikinis was it lol!!!  This was the beginning of a beautiful story.

Daytona Beach

Living just north of DB in Ormond by the Sea OB area working and having fun (my parents follow me within a year yikes!) welcome, really we were very close and are with my Dad still with me. Growing up there made me visit other lands and one of them was France, as Daytona Beach at the time was the spring training site for the baseball team of the Montreal Expos (French Canadians). French taken as a language in High School stay with me and friendly with French students at the University.  For a shorter story, time went on and while traveling met a young French girl (Martine) working in Paris living in Meaux Seine-et-Marne dept 77 ïle de France region in 1989.  This was quickly followed by visits to her family and hers to mine and before I knew it, this independent young men was married on December 26, 1990 at City Island municipal courthouse in Daytona Beach, deciding to live there. We went all over together, visiting France every year and moving in the State from DB to OB (together) in Volusia County, then North Miami, then Hialeah,in Miami-Dade county, then Miramar in Broward county (while here became French at the French consulate in Miami in 2000) before moving permanently to France in August 23, 2003.  We had 3 wonderful boys, one older (born in DB) and then identical twins,(born in Hialeah); the trip ended with my dear late wife Martine passsing due to cancer here in the Morbihan Breton on April 30 2018, sad and still sad and will always be sad, there is no words. My blog posts sweeting the pain a bit.Thanks.

Daytona Beach

married at city island Daytona Beach 26 dec 1990

I like to tell you briefly, really short as too many towns and places in dear Florida, a State will never forget the experiences and which have many family members still living all over.  So not to bother with the tourist sites will give a historical and local view on the State, counties ,and cities we lived there for me 18 years!!! Warning: It will be a long post!

First, let me post my previous blog posts about Florida, it will give you a more touristic view of the Sunshine State.

Florida ,here I come!

My University days in Florida

Shopping in Florida

Restaurants of Florida

Florida, the Sunshine State

My Photo Album on Florida

Cities of Florida

Beach Volleyball in Florida

Always wonderful memories of Florida

I am used by now on Europe to use kilometers ,but below anything in km to miles is equal to 1km = 0,621371 miles.

Florida is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the north by Alabama and Georgia and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean. Florida is a peninsula of 700 km and a narrow part in the form of a narrow “stove tail” (Panhandle). Its geography is marked by an extensive coastline, by the ubiquitous water and by the threat of hurricanes. Climate change from North to South and has such iconic animals as the manatee and the alligator, especially in the Everglades, one of the world’s best-known national parks.

The coast of Florida extends for some 1 930 km. Considering the bays and capes, the cumulative length reaches about 13 600 km. No other U.S. state, except Alaska, has a longer coastline then Florida with as well more than 4 500 islands. The largest island is Key Largo (47 km long). It is just 105 meters above sea level, Britton Hill is the highest point in Florida ; with almost 18% of its area under waters , Florida is marked by the ubiquitous aquatic environment , it has nearly 1 700 courses of water, 7 800 sweet water lakes, 700 springs, 44 500 km2 of wetlands;  Florida has the largest concentration of  springs/water sources in the World. Okeechobee is the most extensive with more than 1 800 km2; It is shallow ,between 4.5 and 6 meters, like most Floridian lakes.

Florida has five geographical areas such as the East Coast, West Coast, Central Florida, Panhandle (North), Southern Tip (Keys), and 12 National Park Service parks. More here: https://www.nps.gov/state/fl/index.htm

The main highways are Interstate 4, Interstate 10, Interstate 75 and Interstate 95. The U. S. Route 1 connects Key West to the Canadian border. This section of the US Route 1, in the Keys, called Overseas Highway, is about 150 km long and has 42 bridges including the Seven Mile Bridge, the longest in Florida with 10.8 km . The TRI-Rail is a regional line of trains stretching for 118 km and which has 18 Stations along the southern coast of the Atlantic and serving the three international airports in this region. The main airports, by number of passengers, are Orlando, Miami, Fort Lauderdale and Tampa.

A bit of history I like.  Since its discovery, in 1513, by the Spaniard Juan Ponce de León who baptized it “La Pascua Florida” (“Easter Flowers” in reference to Palm Sunday), Florida is an issue for the European colonial powers before integrating  it into the United States in 1845. The Spaniard Juan Ponce de León would have discovered Florida by looking for the fountain of youth. He landed on the eastern coast of the peninsula between in 1513,  near the present city of Saint Augustine. He then made his way to the south where he was wounded in a clash against the Calusa’s Indians. He returned to Florida in 1521 to find gold and evangelize the Amerindians.

The Pánfilo de Narváez expedition discovered the West coast of Florida, but he is killed in an Amerindian attack in 1528.In 1539, Hernando de Soto landed near the present day Bradenton near Tampa Bay and explored the interior of the land. An attempt to settle in Pensacola led by Tristán de Luna in 1559 was finally abandoned in 1561.  The French Huguenot Jean Ribault approached the eastern coast of Florida in 1562 and took possession of Florida in the name of the king of France. He built the Charlesfort fortress to defend the new colony of French Florida. In 1564, René de Laudonnière founded a second fort in French Florida, Fort Caroline (Jacksonville). In 1565, after a great battle with the French at Fort Matanzas (massacre of the French…) the Spanish colony of San Augustin was founded by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés: It thus became the oldest colony of the United States occupied continuously by Europeans.

Saint Augustine

The Treaty of Paris (1763) ended the seven Years ‘ War and altered Considerably the map of the North American colonies: Spain must cede Florida to the English in exchange for Cuba. Florida is an issue of the American War of Independence (1775-1783). Unlike the Thirteen colonies, it remains loyal to the English crown and even accommodates Royalists refugees. The Spaniards took over Pensacola in 1781 and much of western Florida. The Treaty of Paris (1783) gave Florida back to Spain, without specifying its borders. The United States wants the old pre-1767 limit to be resumed. The Treaty of San Lorenzo ratified this choice in 1795. Florida was ceded to the United States by the Adams-Onís Treaty, signed in1819, and formed a territory in 1822. The capital is located in Tallahassee, halfway between Saint Augustine and Pensacola.

After the First Seminole War (1814-1819), they tried for the Americans to move the Amerindians. In 1832, they signed the Treaty of Payne Landing with some of the Seminole chiefs, promising them land west of the Mississippi if they agreed to leave Florida.  In 1835 the US Army arrives to enforce the treaty signed earlier, which triggers the Second Seminole War led by Chief Osceola. After his arrest, cease-fire negotiations were launched in 1837. He died in captivity less than a year later. The war was drag on  until 1842 and became the most costly of the Indian Wars of the 19C. After the conflict, the Seminoles were mostly deported to the west of the Mississippi; only 300 of them were allowed to remain in the Everglades. On March 3, 1845, Florida became the 27th state of the United States. The Third Seminole War (1855-1858) was waged to defeat the resistance of the last Amerindians. At the end of the conflict, there are only a hundred Seminoles left in Florida. Following an insurrection in 1859, 75 of them were deported to the west. The others, including Chief Apopka,( Sam Jones), remain in the Everglades, refusing to leave the land of their ancestors. Today, their descendants are still present in the region.

The Seminole Tribe of Florida , which is headquartered in Hollywood, Broward County , and control the Big Cypress Indian Reservation, Brighton Reservation, Fort Pierce Reservation, Hollywood Reservation, Immokalee Reservation, and Tampa Reservation. The Miccosukee branch of the Seminoles held to a more traditional lifestyle in the Everglades region, simultaneously seeking privacy and serving as a tourist attraction, wrestling alligators, selling crafts, and giving eco-tours of their land. They received federal recognition as a separate nation in 1962 and received their own reservation lands, collectively known as the Miccosukee Indian Reservation, including a 333-acre (1.35 km2) reservation on the northern border of Everglades National Park, about 45 miles (72 km) west of Miami. This one we have been many times for the Festival as they divide their overall reservation in three sections, the one for operations, festival ,and our visits was the Tamiami Trail Reservation. More on them here. Miccosukee Arts Festival and more

During the US presidential election of 1860, Florida refused to vote for Abraham Lincoln and eventually separated from the Union by signing the order of January 10, 1861. Florida joined the Confederate States of America a few weeks later and became involved in the civil war. In May 1865, Northern General Edward M. McCook was charged with regaining control of Florida. He challenged Colonel George Washington Scott, hoisted the flag of the United States on the state Capitol in Tallahassee, and read the proclamation of emancipation of the slaves on 12 May. The American Civil War is over in Florida, which is officially reinstated in the Union on 25 July 1868.

The Cold War (1947-1991) intensified the development of the military-industrial complex; Florida is becoming a major issue because of its proximity to the communist island of Cuba. It accommodates thousands of Cuban refugees. Due to this immigration, Miami gradually became one of the major economic centers of Latin America. During the Missile crisis of 1962, the region could be directly threatened by Soviet nuclear missiles. As part of the competition with the USSR and because of its geographical location, Florida hosts the Patrick Air Force base and the launch base of Cape Canaveral (NASA).

State of Florida Tourism https://www.visitflorida.com/en-us.html

Volusia County stretches between the St. Johns River and the Atlantic Ocean. Volusia County was named after its largest community, Volusia, when the Florida legislature created it by dividing Orange County on December 29, 1854. The county is geographically divided into East Volusia,  also known as the Greater Daytona Beach Area, or the Halifax Area;  Southeast Volusia,  also known as the Greater New Smyrna Beach Area, and  West Volusia,  also called Saint John’s River Country (named for the Saint John’s River which lies nearby),  Adjacent counties are on the north ,Flagler , on the south Brevard, also south is Orange, and southwest is Seminole, west is Lake ,and northwest is Marion and Putnam counties.

Daytona Beach

Halifax Hospital

Volusia County Public Transit System (VOTRAN) is the local Volusia County bus service. Passenger Train service to Volusia County is provided by Amtrak on the Silver Meteor and Silver Star routes. Service between Volusia County and Orlando is provided by SunRail, a commuter rail line running from Volusia to Orange County. Interstate 95 is the main south-to-north interstate highway along the east coast of the state (an up to Canada)  as well as in Volusia County it has eight interchanges  or exits, three of them in Daytona Beach.  Interstate I-4 is the main west-to-east interstate highway through Central Florida (going from DB to Orlando to Tampa), however it also serves as the westernmost interstate highway in the county. It has  seven interchanges and becomes State Road 400 east of I-95. US 1.is the main local road through eastern Volusia County, running south to north. This one is more city central and slower traffic. US 17  is the main local road through western Volusia County, running south to north. US 92 (can go to Deland and Orlando)  west-to-east route shares a concurrency with US 17 further south in Polk County until branching off onto the International Speedway Boulevard in DB. Florida A1A.is the scenic coastal alternate route to US 1, which also includes some county road spurs and extensions. It goes parallel to the Atlantic Ocean.  SR 40, a west-to-east road in northern Volusia County enters the county from the Astor Bridge over the St. Johns River and heads east towards Ormond Beach or towards Ocala and west Florida on the other direction.

Volusia county on visitors: https://www.volusia.org/visitors/

Ormond-by-the-Sea is an unincorporated town in Volusia County,the boundaries of Ormond-by-the-Sea include the Volusia/Flagler county line on the north, the city of Ormond Beach on the south, the Atlantic Ocean on the east, and the Halifax River on the west. The area has traditionally been called the North Peninsula, although other nicknames such as OBC or OBTS are sometimes used.  My oldest boy was born in Halifax Hospital in nearby Daytona Beach.

Ormond by the Sea

Ormond by the Sea paperwork

Ormond by the Sea

Ormond by the Sea house

There are two principal roads, State Road A1A (also known as Ocean Shore Boulevard), which runs along the Atlantic Ocean, and John Anderson Drive, which runs along the Halifax River.

A bit of history I like . The Timucuan Indians, who in the 16C occupied a large village called Nocoroco, located at the site of Tomoka State Park. Another nice area which I used a lot is the North Peninsula State Park, comprising approximately 800 acres (3.2 km2) along the A1A Atlantic Ocean road facing the sea! This is where I lived most. The wonderful Bicentennial park facing the ocean we love is at the city of Ormond Beach webpage here: Bicentennial Park Ormond by the Sea

The city we live is not a city but an incorporated area of the county of Volusia, however, our services and leisure activities like the park most were done out of the city of Ormond Beach. More here: City of Ormond Beach

 Miami Dade County . Dade County was created on January 18, 1836, under the Territorial Act of the United States. The county was named after Major Francis L. Dade, a soldier killed in 1835 in the Second Seminole War, at what has since been named the Dade Battlefield. On November 13, 1997, voters changed the name of the county from Dade to Miami-Dade to acknowledge the international name recognition of Miami. Adjacent counties are north, Broward, southwest Monroe, and northwest Collier. It has great wonderful National Park Service such as the Big Cypress National Preserve, Biscayne National Park, and Everglades National Park.

Miami

Zoo of Miami

Key Biscayne

Key biscayne bill boggs beach

Miami International Airport, located in an unincorporated area in the county, serves as the primary international airport of the Miami Area. One of the busiest international airports in the world . Public transit in Miami-Dade County is served by Miami-Dade Transportation and Public Works, and is the largest public transit in Florida. Miami-Dade Transportation and Public Works operates a heavy rail metro system Metrorail, an elevated people mover in Downtown Miami, Metromover and the bus system, Metrobus.  Tri-Rail also services the county. Miami-Dade County has 10 major expressways such as  I-75,(to go home!) ,  I-95, I-195 / SR 112,  I-395 / SR 836,  US 1,  US 27,  US 41,  US 441, and  SR A1A(ocean).

Tourist office of Miami dade county http://www.miamiandbeaches.fr/

Cultural affairs of Miami Dade county: http://www.miamidadearts.org/calendar/month

North Miami, The city lies on Biscayne Bay.  Originally the town of “Arch Creek”, the area was incorporated as the “Town of Miami Shores”, which was renamed the “Town of North Miami” in 1931. It was reincorporated as a city in 1953.

The city is also home to the Oleta River State Park, which is the state’s largest urban park. The park contains one of the largest concentrations of Australian pine trees found in a Florida state park. The Arch Creek Park  opened in 1982. Today, Arch Creek is an 8-acre (32,000 m2) site at the junction of N.E. 135th Street (right where our apt was!!!) and Biscayne Boulevard, and offers many opportunities for botanical, historical and archaeological study. It has a museum/nature center modeled after an early Florida pioneer home, displaying Indian artifacts dug from the grounds, and live animals from the nearby hammock. Remains of the original coontie mill are still visible across the creek, and the park exists as the only preserved archaeological site in the County. There is, also, the Museum of Contemporary Art (MOCA) a museum located in the heart of downtown North Miami, and the Miami Auto Museum displays a large collection of classic cars, Hollywood cars, mini cars, scooters, motorcycles and bicycles from the collection of Michael Dezer.

More on the city of North Miami: City of North Miami on parks

Hialeah the sixth-largest city in Florida and is the only place in the county, other than Homestead, Florida, to have its own street grid numbered separately from the rest of the county (which is otherwise based on Miami Avenue at Flagler Street in downtown Miami, the county seat).  Hialeah has the highest percentage of Cuban and Cuban American residents of any city in the United States, at 73.37% of the population(2016), making them a distinctive and prominent feature of the city’s culture. My twin boys were born in Hialeah Hospital!

Hialeah

Chuckee Cheese Hialeah

Hialeah is served by the Miami Metrorail at Okeechobee, Hialeah, and Tri-Rail/Metrorail Transfer stations. The Okeechobee and Hialeah stations serve primarily as park-and-ride commuter stations to commuters and residents going into Downtown Miami, and Tri-Rail station to Miami International Airport and north to West Palm Beach. The best here was the old Hialeah racecourse full of flamingo birds. Now some horse races are done and there is a casino: more here: Hialeah race track and Casino

The city’s name is most commonly attributed to Muskogee origin, “Haiyakpo” (prairie) and “hili” (pretty) combining in “Hialeah” to mean “pretty prairie”. Alternatively, the word is of Seminole origin meaning “Upland Prairie”. The city is located upon a large prairie between Biscayne Bay and the Everglades.

City of Hialeah on history: http://www.hialeahfl.gov/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6&Itemid=385&lang=en

Broward County Its county seat is Fort Lauderdale. It was founded on April 30, 1915. It was intended to be named Everglades County, but then-Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives Ion Farris amended the bill that established the county to be named in honor of Napoleon Bonaparte Broward, Governor of Florida from 1905 to 1909. In 1915, Palm Beach County and Dade County contributed nearly equal portions of land to create Broward County.  Adjacent counties are north Palm Beach, south Miami Dade, west Collier, and northwest Hendry.

Fort Lauderdale

las olas beach FLL

Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport serves as the primary airport of the Broward County area. The airport is bounded by the cities Fort Lauderdale, Hollywood and Dania Beach;  three miles (5 km) southwest of downtown Fort Lauderdale  and 21 miles (34 km) north of Miami. The airport is near cruise line terminals at Port Everglades and is popular among tourists bound for the Caribbean. Public transportation available are the Broward County Transit, Tri-Rail, Sun Trolley, and the major roads passing by it are the Interstate 95, I-75 ,I-595 (Port Everglades Expressway), Florida’s Turnpike (SR 91) Florida’s Turnpike Homestead Extension (SR 821) ,and Toll State Road 869 (Sawgrass Expressway).

Broward county tourist office : https://www.sunny.org/

Cities of Broward county: http://www.broward.org/Publications/ResidentsGuide/Pages/BrowardCountyMunicipalities.aspx

Miramar  is in Broward county, my last town in the USA, and it was name after the city of Miramar in Havana, Cuba (also near where I was born). The city has adjacent towns such as Pembroke Pines, Hollywood, West Park ,and  Miami Gardens. To the extreme west you find the Everglades!.

Miramar (en. seaview) was founded by A.L. Mailman to serve as a “bedroom community” for nearby Miami and Fort Lauderdale. He bought the original property he was to develop from H.D. Perry, Sr. in 1953.  The city was incorporated on May 26, 1955 bordered by the following cities,Pembroke Pines to the northwest and north,Hollywood to the  northeast, east West Park, and south Hialeah, Hialeah Gardens, and a bit of Miami Lakes. My sons went to school here at Silver Lakes Elementary School, memorable last school in the USA and they fondly remember it as well as their teachers! We lived at Silver Lakes Division west of I-75 interstate road on Sapphire Bay sub division our last spot in the USA and very fondly remembered it.

Miramar

home in Miramar

Miramar

visiting school silver lakes miramar

City of Miramar on history: https://www.miramarfl.gov/257/Miramars-History

There , now you got all you need on Florida,and heck even me lol!!! Love the Sunshine State. We made a decision to move to France and we do not regretted either as it has been a roller coaster of fun and memories. Now ,the French reason is gone, but we still very much attach to France thanks to her courage and determination. Never to be forgotten. Enjoy the State of Florida.

And remember, happy travels, good health, and many cheers to all!!!

4 Comments to “My Florida!”

  1. I was lucky enough to visit Florida back in September 1991 and celebrated my birthday in Disney World! I loved it. It must have been wonderful to live there for such a long time and your memories with you wife and kids are surely priceless. 👍

    Liked by 1 person

  2. This paragraph is truly a pleasant one it helps new net
    visitors, who are wishing in favor of blogging.

    Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this: