Welcome back to Maisons-Laffitte!

And why not a castle very close to Paris and seldom visited but is a must for the architecture and the history of it as well as the horse races. Well, it was not far from me while in the area so used to go there a lot ,even to shop in the wonderful gourmet store of Longueil.

I am talking about Maisons-Laffitte of course. Maisons-Laffitte is a town in the département 78 Yvelines in the region of Île-de-France, about 10 km from Saint-Germain-en-Laye, and 18 km from Paris. It is at the banks of the Seine river on the left bank and on the west it has the forest of Saint-Germain-en-Laye. The metro area also includes a part of the isles of the Seine and de la Commune.

I have written before on Maisons-Laffitte and here it is:  https://paris1972-versailles2003.com/2012/06/03/a-little-jewel-nearbymaisons-laffitte/

The road D308 runs from Paris to Poissy passing by Maisons-Laffitte as principal road. The train station connects to Gare Saint Lazare in Paris and also has the regional express train RER A line L from many points in Paris. The night bus N152 Gare de Cergy-le-Haut Paris St-Lazare, passes by Maisons-Laffitte as well.

The first mention of the village dates from about 820, in the writing of Bishop Minot, the name was Mansionis Villa.  The first squire was certainly Nivard of Septeuil. His son Geoffroy I granted the Abbey of Saint-Wandrille de Fontelle the free passage in front of the port of Maisons  towards 1060-1066. He also gave towards 1087 the Church of Maisons at the Abbey of Our Lady of Coulombs (near Nogent-le-Roi), with land, vines, tithes and a share of the toll. The family of Avesne  kept its land, which quickly passed to the family of Marseille. The family ceded their property from 1460 to Jean IV de Longueil, judge in the Parliament of Paris. The Lordship’s town will be found in 1602, when John VIII of Longueil buys the share of Marseille.

The castle is built at his request by François Mansart, uncle of Jules Hardouin-Mansart who will build Versailles a few years later… This new building takes the place of the previous buildings built by the two lineages of house Lords. The castle will be great, to receive the king during the hunts in the forest of Saint-Germain. It is for this reason that the entrance to the monument is back to the Seine, preceded by a wide avenue coming from the forest. Construction starts around 1642, ending at 1650. king Louis XIV lodged there in 1671 on the day of the death of Philippe François de France, duke d’Anjou.

Maisons Laffitte

The first alleys of the park, the Avenues Albine and Aegle, are contemporary of the castle. The other aisles will be created during the 18C. A map of 1740 shows it as we know it today. A majority of families live in the vineyard, which occupies 40% of the cultivated land. Among the descendants of René de Longueil, figure Jean-René (1700-1731) who received scholars and writers at the château, among which Voltaire. The latter tells in his correspondence the fire which damaged the building in 1724, when he left after being treated with smallpox.

Starting with the king, to please Madame de Pompadour in 1747, then to Madame du Barry in 1770 to sell the castle. But king Louis XV did not let himself be engaged in these operations and Soyécourt ended up selling Maisons in 1777 to the count of Artois, brother of king Louis XVI and future king Charles X, who complemented the embellishments. The French Revolution has finally put an end to this procrastination. The count of Artois fled to England, and the estate was put under receivership in 1792.  Put on sale in 1797 as national property, the ensemble is awarded to Jean Lanchère (1727-1805), supplier to armies interested in the profits he can make of the buildings, Lanchère destroys some pavilions, sells sculptures… to finally resell the Castle in  1804 to Marshal Lannes after his death in 1809 at the Battle of Essling, his wife, the Duchess of Montebello, sometimes received the emperor in visits. The latter, in 1810, ordered the construction of the first bridge between Sartrouville and Maisons.

In 1813, the Duchess received the Empress Marie-Louise, of whom she had been a lady of honour for three years. In 1818, she sells the estate of Maisons in favour of Jacques Laffitte. Opponent of king Charles X (the former owner of the castle, between 1777 and 1789, while he was Count of Artois), Jacques Laffitte welcomed many members of the political opposition to Maisons. It is therefore logical that he exerts decisive influence during the revolution of 1830.

Jacques Laffitte is appointed President of the Council and Minister of Finance of the king. Overwhelmed by political agitation, he left the post in 1831, and came out pretty much ruined from the adventure. As a result of these events, he decided to divide the estate of Maisons to carry out a fruitful real estate operation. In 1833, the stables and other dependencies were destroyed in order to provide building materials for the purchasers of the park lots.  In 1834 is deposited before notary the specifications of this subdivision, a copy of which is, even today, given to each purchaser in the park. The idea of this specification is to lay the principles of construction of this “city in the countryside”. To ensure the service of the properties, Jacques Laffitte is led to open new avenues in the park. Starting from the already existing backbone (avenues Aegle, Albine…), he traces geometric figures. He also draws a cross of the Legion of Honour around the place Napoleon and the Circle of fame, from which avenues will bear the names of the battles of the emperor.

Jacques Laffitte died on May 26, 1844, carried by a pulmonary disease. The estate passes to the hands of his daughter Albine, who proceeds from 1846 to an auction of the remaining lots and who will eventually sell the estate in 1850, including the 33 hectares including the Castle. Charles Laffitte, a large horse-sport enthusiast, is a founding member of the Jockey Club in Paris, where the Encouragement society will be established. He owned the “Le Val-Fleuri” property in the park where the Malesherbes room is currently located, although the property was much larger.

The remains of the water machine of Maisons-Laffitte on the small arm of the Seine. It was probably built by François Mansart at the request of René de Longueil to fuel his future Castle of Maisons in 1634. Destroyed in 1885, it remains today that the three masonry abutments on which the machine rested. The wonderful  Château de Maisons-Laffitte (b. 1643). is considered a masterpiece of 17C civil architecture. Constituting a reference in the history of French architecture, it marks the transition between the end of late Renaissance architecture and that of classicism. I let you see my other post on it , very nice castle worth a visit while in the Paris area.

Inaugurated in 1878, the Hippodrome de Maisons-Laffitte (horse racecourse)  is part of the series of racing fields built during the second half of the 19C  in the region of ïle de France in addition to the Grands racecourses of Paris (Auteuil, Longchamp, Saint-Cloud and Vincennes) and alongside those of the Marche in Marnes-La-Coquette (1851), Enghien (1879), Saint-Ouen (1881) and Colombes (1883). A runway of 4 680 meters in grass, located on the edge of the Seine. The straight line of more than 2 000 meters is the longest in Europe with the Rowley Mile Course in Newmarket (Suffolk, England). The Hippodrome de Maisons-Laffitte has the peculiarity of being the only course of flat runs  in Île-de-France where horses can run rope left and rope right in the same meeting of races. Different track configurations are possible, with a total of 35 different departures: A right-hand rope track (1 600 meters to 3 200 meters), a left-hand rope track (1 400 meters to 2 400 meters), and a straight line (2 000 meters). More here: http://www.france-galop.com/fr/hippodromemaisonslaffitte

Contemporaries of the château, several pavilions also of François Mansart: Two at the entrance of the Parc de Maisons-Laffitte, framing the two gates of Maisons-Laffitte, once closed by a grid. Two others a little further, very revamped, in the extension of Avenue Albine. A fifth in the northern cellars, Eglé Avenue, at another end of the park.  An old church of the 11C and 16C, disaffected in 1896, today Exhibition Center. The Fountain of Maisons-Laffitte, in the village, next door, dating from the 18C.  A Benedictine priory that the tradition brought back to the 15C, which survives the exterior structure with two pepper towers at the end of the street of the same name, very reshuffle before and after long served as a school of the village.

You have the nice Church of Saint Nicolas, at 13 rue de la muette. The Church is built between 1867-1872 in a neo Roman style on the land of an old cemetery given by the city.

Maisons Laffitte

Several mansions such as the one at 30 avenue Pascal. The Doulton Pavilion made by the British pottery company Royal Doulton for the Universal Exhibition of 1878. After the exhibition, the façade was reassembled in the Parc de Maisons-Laffitte and a house was built in the back.  At 35 Avenue Belleforière, Villa sur jardin of 1923 , it is now divided into apartments and the garden Loti is occupied by several buildings.  At 2 Avenue du General-Leclerc, call the  Florentine Villa built in 1905 . Also, several other building of great architecture interest such as the Juillard Property, Guard Pavilion, 72 rue de Paris , mansion at 2 rue de la mute, mansion at  24 Avenue Eglé,  mansion at  21bis Avenue Eglé , mansion at  39 Avenue Albine,  the Hotel Royal of Maisons-Laffitte, a building at 36bis rue de la mute.

Some webpages to help you plan your trip here and it is a must are

Maisons Laffitte on history and heritage :  http://www.maisonslaffitte.fr/index.php/Histoire-et-patrimoine?idpage=3&afficheMenuContextuel=true

Official page of the Chateau de Maisons:  http://www.chateau-maisons.fr/en/

Tourist office of Maisons Laffitte:  http://www.tourisme-maisonslaffitte.fr/

The Friends of Chateau de Maisons assoc in French :  http://www.maisonslaffitte.net/

There you go ,you are all set for a wonderful experience believe me. Hope it helps.

Remember , happy travels, good health ,and many cheers to all!!!

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