The green of Galicia, Spain!

I have come to wonderful green and friendly corner of Spain. Even now I am exchanging on whatsapp with a friend from this corner of my Spain. Today it has been cloudy  but good weather up to 15C or about 59F and we got our dog but that is later. Now ,I like to tell you about the autonomous region of Galicia.

Galicia is at the extreme northwest of Spain ,surrounded by Asturias, Castilla y Léon, Portugal, the Atlantic Ocean and the Cantabrian Sea. Ever since, Santiago de Compostela is the political capital of the region while La Coruña (A Coruña) is of the Province of La Coruña as well as Santiago de Compostela, and the most important city.  Here, two languages are spoken the Galician and the Castilian (better known as Spanish but not correct).

At the time of the Romans, the Gallaecia became a province with certain autonomy with its own capitals such as Braga, Lugo, and Astorga; the Roman conquest came about 137-22 BC and with it the Roman roads , bridges such as those of Bibei, and  Ourense, as well as the wall ramparts in Lugo. In the last period of the Roman occupation, many great invasions came here from Germanic ,Suaves etc by 409 AD. The Suave kingdom lasted almost two centuries from 409-585 before been taken by the Visigoths under king Leovigild in 585. By 711, it was the Moors/Arabs turn to invade and conquest even if with less influence than on the rest of Spain.

The kingdom of Galicia was a separate political entity from the 5C to 1833 and considered the jewel of the Christian kingdoms in the peninsula and important for the reconquest of the rest of  Spain.  However, by the 12C, there was a weakening with the separation of the south of the kingdom that became the kingdom of Portugal. The increasing power of the kingdom of Castille and the union of the conquests in Andalucía made the Galicia area less important in the overall kingdom of Spain. The arrival of the Catholic kings stopped the wishes of political independence here even if the administration of the kingdom continues until 1833 under the regence of Maria Cristina de Bourbon. It continues to the the democratic constitutional of the kingdom of Spain where it is an important autonomous region now.

The region is known for its high mountains reaching Peña Trevinca at 2 124 meters and the wonderful rias like Rias Baixas in the southwest and Rias Altas in the North, and cliffs bordering the coasts like the impressive of Cap Ortegal. The region of Galicia has four provinces (Coruña, Lugo, Ourense, and Pontevedra) 53 municipalities , 313 councils or towns and 3847 parishes as well as 31855 sites or lugares or aldeas (villages). However, for the local, the parish stays the lieu of belonging and it is common to ask a Galician from he comes from to be told the name of the parish.

The utmost place to visit here is the Catholic pilgrimage with the goal of reaching the legendary tomb of apostle Santiago or St James located in the crypt of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. It was place here after the discovery of the tomb of St James in early 9C, and from the 11C the pilgrimage is the biggest in medieval Christianity. However, only after the taken of Granada in 1492 by the Catholic kings of Fernando and Isabel that Pope Alexander VI declared officially Santiago de Compostela as one of the three great pilgrimage of Christianity (Rome and Jerusalem the others)

The language is the question. During the Middle Ages it was spoken the same language on all the south and north of Galicia. the Miño river separating north and south Galicia were the center of the same galeico-Portuguese language. Romanesque language the Galician and Portuguese had a common tree during the Middle Ages. The oldest document in writing in Galician was from 1228 and called the  Foro do bo burgo do Castro Caldelas ;given to king Alfonso IX of Léon on that year in the town of Ourense (Orense).  In 1230,  under the reign of Fernando III of Castile, the kingdom of Galicia is definitively integrated into the Castilian monarchy of Leon and Castile.  Before, that , the southern part of Galicia or the current north of Portugal had become independent and later a kingdom of Portugal in 1139. From 1500, the Portuguese remplace the Galician for the spoken language of Portugal.

Galicia has the greatest number of Roman buildings in Spain even if this rich heritage is less known like those in the rest of Spain; this partly by the smaller significance given to the size and place in later history of Spain. The Anthem of Galicia was first sang and composed in Cuba and there is still this heritage in the many immigrant returning back to Galicia in the architecture and gardens.

The region is tops for the seafood and fishes, and especially that wonderful octopus ! to kill for !! and known for its high quality in all of Spain. There is also, the famous Torta de Santiago ( St James’s cake) done for the passing pilgrims . This torta is done with a base of almonds of the region ,especially those around Santiago de Compostela.

Some webpages I can give you to know more about this region from tourism point of view are below.

Tourism of Galicia ;

 an official side in English with plenty of good information me think.

Province of Coruna tourism:

Province of Ourense tourism:

Province of Lugo Tourism:

 Province of Pontevedra tourism:

Enjoy Galicia, is a region to be found and visit a lot more.  Enjoy the Saturday wherever you are, and remember happy travels and good health to all. Cheers!

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4 Comments to “The green of Galicia, Spain!”

  1. Visited Galicia a couple of years ago and loved it! But then I love all of northern Spain.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Galicia terra meiga, miña casa, meu lar… I expect you know the song. And of course, Julio Iglesias’s ‘Un Canto a Galicia’.

    Liked by 1 person

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