Archive for November 1st, 2017

November 1, 2017

The wines of La Rioja, the red wine of Spain!

Wine is part of my life since birth, my maternal grandmother was the one who offered me a tiny bit of wine at age 8! It has been a love affairs ever since and in my house we cannot eat without wine. That is wine as culture in our home, we know how to drink in moderation.

That first sip of wine came from Marqués de Riscal in the Rioja region of Spain. It was, also, my first bottle of wine I purchased; many many years ago. From then , I even worked in a liquor store wine department, the ABC of Florida. Went on to have diplomas from ICEX the commercial office of Spain abroad and Sopexa ,food and wine from France. My cellars is not big but any day you can find 50 bottles in it , ready to drink shortly; who wants to aged the wines, they are meant to be drank!!!

Rioja is Spain in a glass of red wine. The wine is known for its structure and tannins, similar to Cabernet Sauvignon , but it also has a fruity characteristic. This is a wine perfect for a drinker who loves Cabernet but is also looking for the dominant cherry flavor that’s often present in a wine like Pinot Noir. Rioja is made from a blend of grape varieties, with Tempranillo the dominant grape (Garnacha is typically included in the blend to add some fruitiness. Mazuelo and Graciano may also be included). Spain is very proud of its indigenous Tempranillo grape because they have been making it into wine for over 2,000 years. When choosing to buy a Rioja, the most important thing to know is that the wine separates into four levels of classification, which depends on the amount of time the wine spends in oak. The classification of each Rioja will be labeled clearly on the bottle.

Rioja: This is the basic form of the wine. It has been aged for only a short amount of time in oak, potentially only a few months, and then the wine is bottled and sold. It is in this wine where the juice will taste the “ripest” because the wine is very young. Therefore, sometimes is sold as Joven or young on the label.

Crianza: For a wine to be labeled a Crianza, it must spend a minimum of 1 year in oak. Following its removal from oak, the wine must spend at least another few months in the bottle, before being sold. This is the level of Rioja that is most affordable.

Reserva: This is a Rioja made from the best grapes of the harvest, and is only made during years that were considered to have a good growing season. A Reserva must be aged a minimum of 3 years, with at least one year being in oak, and the rest in the bottle.

Gran Reserva: This is a Rioja that is only allowed to be made in years with exceptional growing seasons from the most exceptional grapes harvested. Gran Reserva’s must be aged in oak for at least 2 years, and then must spend at least 3 more years in the bottle.

Rioja wines are aged in 225-liters oak casks, with periodic racking, followed by a further period of bottle ageing. There are over 368 ageing bodegas in Rioja which have a total of 1,266,154 casks.

The Rioja wine region is located in northern Spain, on both sides of the River Ebro. The local terrain perfectly delimits the region and sets it apart from surrounding territories. From an administrative point of view, however, its 63,593 hectares of vineyards are divided between three provinces on the Upper Ebro – La Rioja (Rioja Alta) (43,885 ha), Alava (Alavesa) (12,934 ha) and Navarre( Rioja Baja)  (6,774 ha). The grape varieties that are currently authorised by the Regulations of the D. O. Ca. Rioja are:

RED: Tempranillo, Garnacha, Graciano, Mazuelo, and Maturana Tinta.

WHITE: Viura, Malvasia, Garnacha Blanca, Tempranillo Blanco, Maturana Blanca, Turruntés, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, and Verdejo.

To help with the ranking of harvest years  ,which are only to be used as a general rule, the most important one is who is the producer. These are the rating on last few years from the wine council. 2009 MB (very good), 2010 E(excellent), 2011 E (Excellent), 2012 MB( Very good), 2013 B( Good), 2014  B (Good), 2015 MB( Very good), 2016 MB( Very good).

Since it was begun to harvest this past August 10th, the earliest time in the history of the Designation of Origin , it has been already harvest up to Sept 5th  8,7 millions kg of the White grapes and  12,8 millions kg of the Red grapes, for a total of 21,5 millions kg of grapes  with the most part from the sub zone of Rioja Baja.

Rioja wines are protected by the oldest Designation of Origin in Spain, officially recognised in 1926. In 1991, it was awarded the highest category -Calificada- making Rioja the only designation in Spain to be so honored.

To learn more of Rioja from official sources see the Rioja designation site here:

If you can read Spanish or good of translation services like Bing or Google you can see this site to learn all about the Rioja from harvest to the bottle.

And on the same site, you can find information just by knowing either the name of the label or the town from where it comes from here in Spanish ; 

A site that I have below in my blogroll and I help input info when it began many years ago, now much better. IN Spanish, but you have all info here even contact information for all Bodegas in Spain.

OF course, it would not be complete if I do not give some of my best bottles of Rioja wines. Again, the main thing is the producer, if he/she/they are good, the bottles eventually will be good on any given year, all else been equal. I stick to them over the years and never disappointed. Of course, again, tastes differ and new ones are coming in the market, and we should try to taste ,but these will never disappoints . Enjoy the wines, even if not all with photos….. Disfruten de los vinos de la Rioja, mi España!

Ramon Bilbao

Marqués de Riscal

Bodegas Palacio

Unión Vitivinícola, S.A. better known as Marqués de Caceres

Montecillo, S.A.  part of the group Osborne

Bodegas Lan, S.A.

CVNE is Compañia Viñicola del Norte de España:

Bodegas Bilbaínas, S.A. part of group  Codorniu

Bodegas Muga

Bodega Lopez de Heredia

Bodega Rioja Alta

Bodegas Berceo, S.A.  part of Group Gurpegui

Bodegas Marqués de Murrieta

Campo Viejo, S.A.  part of Pernod Ricard group

Bodegas Baron de Ley

Bodegas Luis Gurpegui Muga S.A. part of Manzano Entreprises group

Bodegas Beronia

Bodega Navaja SL

And you can’t come to these bodegas ,you can shop their wine in your local wine shop or as I past by Madrid quite often ,I get mine at Lavinia, airport or Ortega y Gasset store,  many nice sales on some of the bottles above going on, more info here:–2

And another old time favorite in Madrid is Santa Cecilia at Bravo Murillo location, here is more info:

There you, now you have a choice go out and try them, love them you will. Again enjoy the wines of Spain, with moderation. Cheers on the holiday of the Dead or All Saint’s Day; I am off ::)





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