The wines of Bordeaux

I am a wine aficionado since had my first taste of it by my grandmother at the tender age of 8. Traveling allow me to visit many wine estates in many countries from Chile to Germany passing by France, of course my favorite. And amongst the favorites areas Bordeaux reign supreme. Many tried to imitate and even think of surpassing it but never never never; Bordeaux is it. UNESCO calls on France as the World Heritage Intangible site on Gastronomy and Wines for a reason. The first way back in 2010:

And Bordeaux does not disappoint us again this year with a 19% increase in production. The official governing body or the  Conseil interprofessionnel du vin de Bordeaux (CIVB) predicts at least 5,5 millions hectoliters, or a volume even higher than last year. Considering that only Alsace and Bordeaux had a 19% progression in comparison with last year; and the only vineyard area in France to held head high in a tough year that saw France as a whole come down by 12% in its wine production in 2016 with a total production of 42,2 hectoliters.

The Bordeaux region is located on the Atlantic ocean and on the left and right banks of the Gironde river. With its 119 000 hectares and its 60 appellations, the Bordeaux region represents the largest French AOC vineyard. Divided into five sub-regions are the Medoc, the Graves, Entre-Deux-Mers, rive droit and Sauternes, the region has a temperate oceanic climate. Its soils are rather argilo-limestone, Sands and gravel are found in the area of Graves.  The main red grape of the region are merlot, cabernet-sauvignon and cabernet franc. The three white grapes are Sémillon, sauvignon and muscadelle. The Bordeaux region produces 90% of red wines, and is the largest exporter of  AOC wines. All major wine regions of the world, Bordeaux produces the highest level of quality with regularity. It is perhaps for this reason that Bordeaux is still today one of the most beautiful displays of French wineThe Bordeaux region has different rankings, which reward both the quality of the soil and the work done. The most well-known in-between are the classification of 1855, classification of Graves, Saint-Emilion ranking and the ranking of the Crus Bourgeois of the Médoc.
The Entre-Deux-Mers  is a vast region located some 80 kms southeast of the city of Bordeaux. As its name suggests, this geographical area is wedged between two large rivers: the Dordogne to the North, and the Garonne River to the South. The Entre-Deux-Mers form the AOC wine-growing zone the more extensive of Francer with a size of about  7000 hectares,and a production of about 335 000 hectoliters.  Some of the known areas are the  Côtes de Bordeaux,  Cadillac, Loupiac, Sainte-Croix-du-Mont, Sainte-Foy-Bordeaux,and Bordeaux-Haut-Benauge. Most use the appellation name of  Bordeaux and Bordeaux Supérieur. 
The Graves region is located south of the Médoc on the left bank of the Gironde river between the city of Bordeaux and Langon in about 60 kms. This region represent about  4.4% of the vineyard land in Bordeaux producing about  240 000 hectoliters per year.  It is about 73 % in red wines and  27 % for whites and sweet wines.  The main areas are the Graves, Graves Supérieurs (only for sweet or moelleux wines) ,and Pessac-Léognan. At Pessac-Léognan created in 1987, there is the only and one Château Haut-Brion the only one here designated as First Grand Cru in 1855 classification
The Médoc  is located in the left bank of the Gironde river and extends over 60 kms north to south and 10 kms wide covering 10 600 hectares of vineyards. The production is all red wines with about 300 000 hectolitersIt has several appellations of great renown and my favorite of all such as Haut Médoc, Médoc, Saint-Estèphe, Pauillac, Saint Julien, Listrac-Médoc, Moulis-en-médoc ,and Margaux as the main ones. The sub region is divided into 60 grand crus from the 1855 classification or about 20% of the area production and the main ones are Château Lafite Rothschild (Pauillac) Château Latour (Pauillac), Château Margaux (Margaux), Château Mouton Rothschild (promoted in 1973) ,and Château Haut-Brion (Pessac-Leognan  région of the Graves).
The Right Bank (rive droite) region, on the right bank of the Gironde and Dordogne river north of the Bordeaux area. It encompasses the sub regions of Bourg and Blayes, on the middle of the Libourne with Saint-Emilion, Pomerol,Fronsac, and Castillon.  The land is argile calcaire (Fronsac, Saint-Emilion) and stones (Pomerol).  The wines are mostly red.
The area of the Sauternais or Sauternes is located about 50 kms southwest of Bordeaux on the left bank of the Garonne river.  The vineyards of  Barsac and Sauternes are in this area. It  has a production area of 900 hectares for Barsac and 1 400 hectares for Sauternes with an average output of 35 000 hectoliters per year. The appellation encompasses five towns such as Sauternes, Fargues, Preignac, Bommes ,and Barsac.  Well noted Barsac has its own appellation and on certain years it can choose it or Sauternes. The area is cross by the Ciron river and the wines are about 80% whites with the main ones as  Château d’Yquem (only 1er Grand Crue from the 1855 classication) . However, many others are premiers crus such as Château Rieussec, Château La Tour Blanche, Château Caillou, and Château Lamothe.
Some of the places that I purchase wines here all good, when not visiting the properties here are
Nicolas (my favorite) :
and of course many hypermarkets as well.
In vinos veritas ,enjoy it fully ::)

2 Comments to “The wines of Bordeaux”

  1. We are lucky enough to be part of the France Passion scheme, whereby we can stay the day and night at participating farms and vineyards. We stayed at Cars, near Blaye, in the summer and got a few bottles of their magnificent wine. We’ll be back. 👍👍👍


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